Shelf Life for Common Backpacking Foods

How many day's before you food becomes a bio hazard while hiking?

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Pack Life Support

Just how many days before your chunk of cheddar becomes a biohazard? It’s Claudia Pearson’s job to know. As NOLS Rocky Mountain Rations Manager, Pearson is in charge of supplying food for the program’s month-long expeditions. Here’s what she knows will go the distance—and what you’d better eat on day one. (Note: Pack life estimates are for typical summer alpine conditions with highs in the 70s; hotter weather or leaving food out in the sun can significantly speed spoilage.)

8-12 Hours: Frozen steak

1 Day:Eggs, broken into
water bottle
and frozen

2 – 3 Days:Goat cheese

3 – 4 Days:Avocados, unripe
Bell peppers

8 – 10 Days:Tortillas/bagels
Summer sausage (opened)

20+ Days:Lemons/limes
Garlic cloves

30+ Days:Onions
Cheddar cheese
Parmesan cheese
String cheese