Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Alum Cave to Greenbrier Cove

Trek into the past on this 6-day route linking a rock arch, 5,000-foot balds, old settler homesites, and 100-year-old cemeteries.

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This 50-mile hike begins at Alum Cave trailhead off Newfound Gap Road and concludes with a 20-mile shuttle back to your car. Shortly after the start, ascend slippery stone steps though Arch Rock, a large black chunk of slate weathered into a natural arch. Next, pass a heath bald to traverse a steep slope beneath 4,950-foot Alum Cave Bluff. At mile 4.8, top out on Mt. Le Conte (6,593 feet), the third-highest peak in the park and home to the plank-board sided LeConte Lodge. Overnight here ($110/pp) or camp a few strides later at Le Conte Shelter.
The next day, hike above 5,500 feet on the Boulevard Trail to the Appalachian Trail. Swing northeast, and trek 1.1 miles to a spur trail up the treeless 5,565-foot knob of Charlies Bunion. Look out into a collage of forest-green ridgelines and rounded mountains. Continue on the AT, linking a ribbon of ridgetops. In 3.4 miles, cross Laurel Top for more views. Go 2.6 more miles and turn right onto Hughes Ridge Trail to descend to Pecks Corner Shelter.
An easy day three straddles the TN/NC border, crosses Mts. Sequoyah and Chapman, and ends at the recently renovated Tricorner Knob Shelter.
The next morning, follow the AT 6.1 miles and turn left onto Snake Den Ridge Trail. In 0.7 mile, turn left onto the Maddron Bald Trail. Ahead are long-stretch views from the crown of Maddron Bald (5,212 ft.). Descend 600 feet and pitch a tent at Campsite 29 near the sloping banks of Otter Creek.
The trail continues west under the giant maples, beeches, and tulip trees in Albright Grove; see trunks with a 20-foot girth. Turn left onto Old Settlers Trail, passing stone walls marking old land boundaries. Around lunchtime, detour north to the Tyson McCarter barn, built in 1876 (its shingled roof and log walls remain intact). Stay on Old Settlers Trail and pass several derelict chimney stacks. Campsite 33–your final night’s stay–marks the homesite of Perry Ramsey, who lived in the park until 1930. The last day climbs over Copeland Divide and ends 6.4 miles later at Greenbrier Cove.

WHEN TO GO: April and May are best for wildflower blooms, while fall, with its brilliantly colored leaves, is drier.

PERMITS: Free backcountry camping permits are required. Backpackers must stay at designated shelters or campsites. Book early to get the best spots.

VACATION PLANNER: For travel information in and around the park, visit or

-Mapped by Marcus Woolf, author of Afoot & Afield Atlanta


Trail Facts

  • Distance: 81.6



Location: 35.629159, -83.45094

Alum Cave trailhead


Location: 35.63934, -83.437977

Climb stone steps that pass through a rock arch with jagged walls.


Location: 35.638817, -83.445343

Traverse a steep, dusty slope beneath the massive Alum Cave Bluffs.


Location: 35.6544195, -83.4412265

To the left down the slope is LeConte Lodge, with views of Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge to the west.


Location: 35.6541405, -83.4405398

At Y junction, bear R and travel south on The Boulevard Trail.


Location: 35.653312, -83.438764

The Le Conte shelter lies to the right of the trail.


Location: 35.628309, -83.390647

At Y junction, bear right and descend on Appalachian Trail.


Location: 35.636799, -83.376736

At Y junction, bear left to reach Charlies Bunion, a large rocky knob with great views of rounded peaks.


Location: 35.655251, -83.308446

Turn right onto Hughes Ridge Trail and descend to reach Pecks Corner Shelter.


Location: 35.650934, -83.309127

Reach Pecks Corner Shelter. (Water source lies downhill, south of the shelter).


Location: 35.693516, -83.257178

At Y junction, trail to the right descends to Tricorner Knob Shelter. Bear left at Y and ascend to continue on AT.


Location: 35.7270396, -83.2389718

At T intersection, turn left onto Snake Den Ridge Trail and descend, traveling west. Optional: Turn right onto Snake Den Ridge Trail and descend to Cosby campground for an optional sidetrip.


Location: 35.7321608, -83.2462192

Turn right onto Maddron Bald Trail and descend narrow path through small hemlocks.


Location: 35.729674, -83.253692

Reach campsite 29, which lies in a ravine at 4,560 feet, next to Otter Creek.


Location: 35.755614, -83.27185

At 4-way junction, turn left onto Old Settlers Trail and travel southwest.


Location: 35.758721, -83.303161

At 4-way junction, turn right at sign for T. McCarter Barn and walk 500 feet to reach the barn.


Location: 35.748414, -83.344378

Reach campsite 33. A stone chimney from an old homesite lies a few yards east of the campsite.


Location: 35.707778, -83.380067

End hike at Greenbriar Cove

Charlies Bunion

Location: 35.6385343, -83.3720684

Trail Sign

Location: 35.6289772, -83.3903503

Campsite 29 near Otter Creek

Location: 35.7295132, -83.2537079

View from AT

Location: 35.6663618, -83.341341