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Grand Canyon National Park

Grand Canyon National Park: Monument Point to Thunder River Falls

Multi-layered red rocks line mile-deep canyons and cactus flowers explode with pastels on this 16-mile out-and-back to a Colorado River tributary.

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The Grand Canyon is one of the world’s seven wonders, and the North Rim is its most remote destination. Start on the Bill Hall Trail from Monument Point and begin a 4,800-foot descent down the North Rim toward the Colorado River to an at-large camping near Tapeats Creek. A thousand feet above South Rim, the North Rim has much cooler temperatures and somewhat unpredictable weather patterns. Snow, hail, freezing rain, torrential downpours, and 90-plus degree heat can occur within in minutes of each other. Two billion years of wind, storms, stream and river erosion have formed mushroom-shaped rock formations, red walls, and far-reaching canyons full of cacti, flowers and shrubs. The roaring waters of Thunder River Falls pour out of a cave’s mouth near the campsite. The weather may be variable, but the experience is well worth packing some lightweight rain gear.

-Mapped by Heidi Sackreuter

CAUTION: Summer temperatures can soar into the 100s so always carry water (rangers recommend 2 gallons/day), and start early to beat the midday heat. Also, don’t forget it is much easier to descend into the canyon than climb back up. Expect to spend at least double the time climbing than descending.

PERMITS: If camping, backcountry permits are $10, plus $5 per person per day. Download application at; then fax to (928) 638-2125.

MORE INFO: Grand Canyon National Park, (928) 638-7888;
TO TRAILHEAD: From Fredonia, AZ, take US 89 south and turn right on Forest Service Road 22, about two miles south of Fredonia. FSR 22 is unpaved the last 20 miles to the trailhead. At the junction with Forest Service Road 245, turn right and continue to Monument Point parking area.

GUIDEBOOK AND MAP Hiking Grand Canyon National Park, 3rd Edition , Ron Adkison and Ben Adkison ($19, Trails Illustrated Grand Canyon ($12,natgeomaps .com). Plan other trips in the park using BACKPACKER’s Grand Canyon National Park page.
CUSTOM TOPO MAPS Download tracks and waypoints, print or order custom topos, from the map tools menu on the web version of the trip report.
SEASON March to May and October to November. From June to September, inner canyon temps from are often above 100°F. Start early to beat the midday heat. Also, don’t forget it is much easier to descend into the canyon than climb back up. Expect to spend at least double the time climbing than descending
KEY GEAR Wide-brim hat and six liters of water storage.
PERMITS $10 per permit, plus $5/person per night. Apply ( on the first of the month four months prior to your hike date (e.g., June 1 for a hike beginning in Nov.) and fax it to (928) 638-2125
CONTACT Backcountry Information Office: (928) 638-7875 (from 1 to 5 p.m., Monday to Thursday),
STOCK UP Canyon Village Marketplace, South Rim. (928) 638-2262

FREE TRIP PLANNERS Get news on vacation deals and lodging at

10 Summer Hiking Essentials

Water – Plain and some with electrolyte replacement.
Food – especially salty foods. Eat twice as much as normal.
First Aid Kit – bandaids, ace wrap, antiseptic, moleskin, etc.
Map – while many trails are well-marked, maps are helpful tools.
Pack – to carry the essentials.
Flashlight/Spare Batteries – allows you to hike out during the cool of the evening.
Spray Bottle – fill with water for your own personal air conditioning system.
Hat/Sunscreen – to keep the sun off you and protect your skin.
Whistle and/or Signal Mirror – for emergency use.
Waterproof Clothing – poncho or jacket; especially usefull during monsoon season (mid-July to early September).

The South Rim: Open All Year
The South Rim is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. All visitor services: camping, lodging, and restaurants are available year round.Reservations are strongly recommended during the busy summer season. Some facilities are closed during the winter. A free shuttle bus system operates in the Grand Canyon Village area. Make your visit easier by parking your car at the Visitor Center and using the free shuttle buses to get around the village. 

Market Plaza is the Business Center of the Village. Here you will find a general store and deli, a bank, post office, and cafeteria at Yavapai Lodge. Market Plaza has a large parking lot (B) and is in a central location. It is a good place to park and access the park’s free shuttle system.


Trail Facts

  • Distance: 25.8



Location: 36.434681, -112.429993

Trailhead: Monument Point marks the start of the Bill Hall Trail and the end of the journey on the way back. Bill Hall follows the North Rim westward for about .5 mile. Many large junipers line the trail, with Indian paintbrush, globe mallow, agave and prickly pear cacti adding myriad colors to the landscape.


Location: 36.430958, -112.439636

Go left @ T-intersection, following the trail as it plunges downward. There is extreme exposure for the first .25 mile of descent, then trail flattens out and traverses a cliff to a 15-foot sandstone diagonal ledge that has many hand holds. The trail then switchbacks to the Esplanade, a plateau of slick rock sandstone and formations halfway between the Rim and the canyon floor.

Option B: To make the descent easy on yourself, lower your pack by rope. In late spring and early summer, rain can swathe the inner canyon, preceded by gusty winds. Your descent also can be accompanied by snowflakes if the temperature drops under the cloud cover.


Location: 36.431858, -112.448959

Look for a possible water cache site in large boulders alongside the trail at the top of Esplanade.


Location: 36.430534, -112.450378

Stay left @ T-intersection. Turning right on the spur trail will bring you back toward the Thunder River trailhead.


Location: 36.42664, -112.455795

Stay left @ Y-junction with Thunder River Trail. The trail crosses Esplanade with very little elevation change across the slick rock. You’ll discover many possible campsites and water caches. You can encounter freezing rain on Esplanade even into early summer. Sandstone potholes fill with water during rain; filter if using for drinking source. From here, the trail descends about 3 miles on Esplanade along the Supai and Redwall formations: a steep and rocky descent of about 1,800 feet with full southern exposure.


Location: 36.426357, -112.45491

Possible campsite on Esplanade.


Location: 36.40794, -112.468826

Possible water cache, rest stop, lunch rock or campsite on Esplanade.


Location: 36.401074, -112.476013

Bear left @ Y-junction with Deer Creek Trail and descend. If ascending on the way back, stay right.


Location: 36.396023, -112.474609

Stay left @ T-intersection and take the spur trail to Deer Creek Trail. This is Surprise Valley. Many blooming agave dot the scenery; rolling hills provide the track to Thunder River about 1.5 miles to the east.


Location: 36.394142, -112.457375

View of Thunder River falls: Thousands of gallons of water flow out of a cave halfway down a cliff, cascading into Tapeats Creek and on toward the Colorado River.
The narrow trail descends about 1,400 feet through this canyon with the river roaring just below in some spots.


Location: 36.390984, -112.452721

Upper Tapeats campsites. Four sites are first-come first-serve but must be reserved five months in advance as the amount of campers per night is restricted by park service. Tapeats Creek flows swiftly in the spring due to the North Rim’s snow melt. Exercise caution if crossing to the trail on the east side. Here the temperature can rise to triple digits. The canyon is filled with cat’s claw, Acacia, prickly pear cactus, and sage. Cottonwoods grow along the stream bed.

Serious rain clouds

Location: 36.43108, -112.439712

Upper Tapeats campsite

Location: 36.390984, -112.452721

Traversing Thunder River Trail in Surprise Valley

Location: 36.395992, -112.474548

Descending switchbacks on Bill Hall Trail toward Esplanade

Location: 36.431198, -112.439774

At-large camping in Surprise Valley

Location: 36.426357, -112.454941

Tapeats Creek

Location: 36.390968, -112.452721

Sandstone mushroom formations on Esplanade

Location: 36.426682, -112.455833

North Rim

Location: 36.431198, -112.439712

Rain over the canyon

Location: 36.429985, -112.439232

Descending the Redwall

Location: 36.426697, -112.455864

Bill Hall Trailhead

Location: 36.434769, -112.430077

Filtering water from a pothole on Esplanade

Location: 36.426682, -112.455833

Thunder River Falls

Location: 36.394142, -112.457375

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