Georgia, located in the southeastern U.S., is comprised of five distinct geographic regions: the Coastal Plain, Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Ridge and Valley, and Appalachian Plateau.
The Coastal Plain lies along Georgia’s coast and is relatively flat, while the Piedmont is hilly and dotted with large rock outcrops and numerous streams and rivers. The Blue Ridge contains the Blue Ridge Mountains — the highest in the Appalachian Highlands — which stretch from northeast Georgia to southern Pennsylvania. Ridge and Valley features long, parallel, often forest-covered sandstone ridges overlooking wide, rolling valleys, while the Appalachian Plateau is mostly flat and sits over nearby valleys.
Georgia is home to Springer Mountain, the southern terminus of the 2,184-mile-long Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply the AT, which extends to Mount Katahdin in Maine.