Yellowstone National Park: Osprey Falls

This 8-mile out-and-back in Yellowstone National Park descends a cliffside trail to the base of Osprey Falls, a 150-foot waterfall that pours into Sheepeater Canyon.
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This 8-mile out-and-back in Yellowstone National Park descends a cliffside trail to the base of Osprey Falls, a 150-foot waterfall that pours into Sheepeater Canyon.

Dwarfed in size by only the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, Sheepeater Canyon—named for a band of stalwart, sheep-hunting Indians—serves up mind-blowing vistas and access to the magnificent, 150-foot Osprey Falls. The 8-mile trek starts along an abandoned gravel and dirt road, which skirts a meadow where elk often congregate.
After half a mile, the trail begins a moderate but steady climb toward the canyon ridge and the Osprey Falls Trail junction. Along the way, take in dizzying views of Sheepeater Canyon, which plunges 800-feet to the Gardner River, and sweeping panoramas of Gardiner Canyon and the Fort Yellowstone Historic District to the north.
Begin the stiff descent into the canyon at mile 3.2, traversing razor-thin switchbacks often less than one foot wide. After completing this precipitous 0.8-mile stretch of downhill, hike upstream through the canyon to the 150-foot Osprey Falls. The trail ends 30 feet from the falls, but experienced hikers can scramble closer to the base of the falls (use caution navigating the slick rocks). Before starting your return trip, grab a snack in the small cave adjacent to the falls. Follow the same route back to the trailhead.

MORE PARK INFO: Yellowstone National Park, (307) 344-7381; nps.gov/yell/.
-Mapped by Jeff Chow

Trail Facts

  • Distance: 12.8

Waypoints

OSP001

Location: 44.9566673, -110.7015306

From the parking area, head south on an abandoned road that traces the edge of a meadow; the trail starts to climb in 0.6 mile. The area around Sheepeater Canyon buzzes with wildlife; keep your eyes open for animal tracks (elk, coyote, birds, and rabbits).

OSP002

Location: 44.9482318, -110.6973624

Whet your appetite for Osprey Falls by taking in views of a smaller waterfall to the right of the trail. Ahead: The climb continues.

OSP003

Location: 44.9462461, -110.6915581

From this vantage point, you'll find northeastern panoramas of the trailhead and the Fort Yellowstone Historic District.

OSP004

Location: 44.945282, -110.690682

Savor sweeping vistas of Gardner Canyon and Fort Yellowstone as the trail switchbacks left and climbs the ridge of Sheepeater Canyon. The canyon gets its name from a band of 300 Western Shoshone Indians, proficient at hunting sheep, that called the rugged canyon their home.

OSP005

Location: 44.9357774, -110.6814301

As the trail swings sharply to the right, take in dizzying views of Sheepeater Canyon. Looking north, you'll catch a glimpse of the serpentine Osprey Falls Trail and the descent ahead. You may spot elk tracks along this stretch. Next, head north on a harrowing trail that runs along a 100-foot precipice.

OSP006

Location: 44.9349648, -110.6841552

Bear left at the Y-junction onto Osprey Falls Trail. Continue tracing the canyon's edge.

OSP007

Location: 44.929391, -110.684157

Begin your steep descent on a series of razor-thin switchbacks (often one foot wide). Watch your footing here; a fall could result in a long slide down into the canyon.

OSP008

Location: 44.9293537, -110.6804189

Upon hitting the canyon floor, the trail swings upstream and ends 30 feet before Osprey Falls. Framed by foreboding basalt rock walls, the 150-foot cascade transfers raging torrents of water from the Gardner River into the Sheepeater Canyon below. Adjacent to the falls is a small cave perfect for eating lunch. After getting your fill of Osprey, turn around to tackle the formidable ascent to the top of the canyon and complete the gentle downhill back to the trailhead.

Osprey Falls

Location: 44.929555, -110.680612

Though the trail ends 30 feet from the falls, hikers can scramble closer on the broad rocks near the base.

Gravel Road

Location: 44.951667, -110.698343

The trail starts by following an abandoned road now open only to hikers and mountain-bikers.

Small Cascades

Location: 44.94832, -110.697387

This tiny waterfall serves as a tease for the behemoth that lies ahead.

Small Falls

Location: 44.94832, -110.697387

Elk

Location: 44.9459822, -110.6909037

Keep your eyes peeled for the abundance of wildlife the area has to offer.

Trestle

Location: 44.945833, -110.690511

Catch panoramas of a trestle running through the Gardner River Valley.

Mule Deer

Location: 44.94498, -110.689731

Not as common in the park as elk are, mule deer frequent Yellowstone's open forests and meadows.

Overlook

Location: 44.9357622, -110.6811941

Catch stunning vistas of Sheepeater Canyon as you edge along its high ridges.

Falls

Location: 44.9357395, -110.6811297

Osprey Falls Sign

Location: 44.935377, -110.683927

Head left at the Osprey Falls Trail junction.

Precipice

Location: 44.933313, -110.684253

Afraid of heights? Stay well away from the edge of the canyon's towering ridges.

Sheepeater Canyon

Location: 44.932252, -110.684277

Flanked by majestic, towering rock walls, Sheepeater Canyon plunges more than 800-feet deep in some places.

Looking North Through Sheepeater Canyon

Location: 44.931413, -110.681364

The magnificent canyon opens up to the Gardner River Canyon to the north.

Nearing Osprey Falls

Location: 44.929962, -110.680482

Though less ideal in the winter, the roaring spray from the waterfall offers a perfect cool-down on scorching summer days.

Osprey Falls

Location: 44.9294999, -110.6806147

The falls are flanked by spectacular ice formations in the winter.