Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve: The Goat Trail

Hike a smarter variation of the Goat Trail on this five-day adventure in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve.
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Hike a smarter variation of the Goat Trail on this five-day adventure in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve.

This trek requires a short, reasonably priced bush plane flight, and it leads through such brawling, glacier-clad, soaring mountains, that it's the best introduction to remote Alaska we've found. This 20-mile point-to-point trip is a variation of the renowned Goat Trail route from Skolai Pass down Chitistone Canyon, but by starting from the high Wolverine landing strip, it delivers all the scenic highlights while avoiding the alder thickets and potentially dangerous river fords of lower Chitistone Gorge.
Despite being a “moderate” hike by Alaska standards, it's no pushover. You'll start on glorified game trail, cross unmarked tundra, search for the key pass that leads to the Goat Trail (an old prospector path from the early 1900s), and follow that sketchy track along the Chitistone River before again searching for a descent off Chitistone Pass to your ending landing strip near Skolai Lake. Allow a minimum of three days—assuming you get good weather. We recommend five days or more, since excellent side hikes like a circumnavigation of Wolverine Mesa, or alpine wanderings around Chitistone Pass and the Skolai Lakes, exist near both trip ends.
From Wolverine airstrip, you immediately climb north on faint wildlife trails, traversing northeast across a massive talus slope and around the heads of two steep creeks. Keep an eye on your footing; it's difficult not to be distracted by the giant, bulky peaks across Chitistone Gorge. After 2.5 miles and two exposed sections, the track descends to the open tundras of Hasen Creek, vanishing as it goes. You won't see established track again until you find the Goat Trail.
Cross Hasen Creek where it splits into upper tributaries, and continue northeast up gradual tundra benches, passing two massive waterfalls that thunder just to your right. Above the waterfalls cross upper Hasen Creek, then veer right/east through a broad, meadowy pass. Stay left/north as needed to avoid swampy areas, but stay on tundra, don't wander too far left/north onto glacial moraine, as you round the headwaters of the Chitistone River's western fork, aiming for the lowest, farthest toe of an obvious, massive moraine about two miles away.
Round the moraine toe as closely as possible to avoid cliffs in the streambed below. As you walk, look right/southeast toward the craggy ridgeline ahead, which descends southward off of Point 7,755. You'll need to cross this ridge on the obvious grassy bench that sits roughly across from you and slightly below, at around 5,500 feet elevation. From the moraine toe, descend on a gradual traverse along the eastern margin of the stream gorge. You'll drop almost 300 feet before you can gain the tundra bench at ridgeline, which is the gateway to the Goat Trail, renowned for its narrow, exposed track that cuts across exposed talus.
Cross the tundra bench as high/left as possible, staying in the light, yellowish band of talus. (Caution: Do not descend into the darker, greenish rocks or you'll wander into dangerous, exposed cliff bands.) If you hit the traverse correctly, you'll actually descend onto the main Goat Trail, which is one of numerous Dall sheep tracks in the area. On the Goat Trail, you'll traverse nearly a mile of steep talus, and then descend another 1,000 feet to the Chitistone River. On calm days you can hear the roar of 400-foot Chitistone Falls, not far downcanyon from your route.
Stay on the west side of the river, following patchy trail across several stream crossings, all the way to broad Chitistone Pass at 5,800 feet elevation. Atop the pass, the track, still called The Goat Trail, veers eastward, descending 500 feet over a mile to the brink of a cliff band. There the track takes a 180-hairpin turn left/west at the brink, and then becomes very faint. Search closely for a way down through the cliffs. Once you're spit out at the base of the long ridgeline after a 1,300-foot descent down cliff bands and steep slopes, follow it left/west for 2.5 miles to the small, grassy Skolai Airstrip, which is just above the southwest shore of Lower Skolai Lake. (Note: The airstrip shown at Upper Skolai Lake on USGS maps no longer exists.)
--Mapped by Steve Howe

PERMITS: NPS itineraries are filled out by your air taxi operators. Bear-resistant canisters are required.

BUSH PLANE FLIGHTS: Wrangell Mountain Air, (800) 478-1160; wrangellmountainair.com

MORE INFO: Wrangle-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, (907) 554-1105; nps.gov/wrst

Trail Facts

  • Distance: 32.1

Waypoints

WOL001

Location: 61.509413, -142.296256

Wolverine airstrip

WOL002

Location: 61.527919, -142.294149

Hike northeast

WOL003

Location: 61.529459, -142.290843

Stay above cliff bands.

WOL004

Location: 61.53252, -142.286465

Hike north

WOL005

Location: 61.541526, -142.291219

Trail appears again

WOL006

Location: 61.541957, -142.293959

Good campsite

WOL007

Location: 61.542745, -142.296211

Turn right and descend.

WOL008

Location: 61.553739, -142.292352

Dirt ridge between tributaries. Climb ridge and continue north.

WOL009

Location: 61.565507, -142.285152

Twin waterfalls

WOL010

Location: 61.567632, -142.248909

Pass

WOL011

Location: 61.566168, -142.211676

Good campsite

WOL012

Location: 61.564556, -142.206345

Sheep trails

WOL013

Location: 61.565046, -142.205184

Round moraine toe

WOL014

Location: 61.553102, -142.187417

Goat Trail. Cross ridge as high as possible in light yellowish talus not darker green band.

WOL015

Location: 61.615303, -142.023027

Drop down through cliff bands.

WOL016

Location: 61.56016, -142.159567

Goat Trail

WOL017

Location: 61.575198, -142.122145

Trail swings up to cross stream.

WOL018

Location: 61.590311, -142.072535

Continue north; pass tarn ahead.

WOL019

Location: 61.605825, -142.057772

Chitistone Pass

WOL020

Location: 61.62921, -142.077894

Lower Skolai Lake airstrip

WPT001

Location: 61.630721, -142.010519

IMPORTANT: This landing strip is no longer operational.

Tundra walk

Location: 61.569478, -142.281189

Hiking the boulder field

Location: 61.565718, -142.220249

Clouds sock in valley

Location: 61.558116, -142.19553

Muddy miles and smiles

Location: 61.552719, -142.186947

Melting Ice

Location: 61.571194, -142.275009

Grassy bench views

Location: 61.52826, -142.292519

More views

Location: 61.56768, -142.287025

Hop

Location: 61.544787, -142.299042

Campsite

Location: 61.565391, -142.223167

Picking a route

Location: 61.567189, -142.289429

Ridges frame snowy mountains

Location: 61.564737, -142.290459

Wildflowers

Location: 61.566372, -142.23278

Another reason to pause

Location: 61.56441, -142.291145

Creek crossing

Location: 61.542496, -142.295265