Washington, DC: First Manassas Trail

March 4.2 miles back in time to July 21, 1861, where General Stonewall Jackson led an epic battle on this ground at Manassas National Battlefield Park.
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March 4.2 miles back in time to July 21, 1861, where General Stonewall Jackson led an epic battle on this ground at Manassas National Battlefield Park.

Thirty miles from DC, Manassas National Battlefield Park offers history buffs and hikers alike an opportunity to take a firsthand tour of the Civil War’s first major land battle, Bull Run. From the Visitors Center, this 4.2-mile loop wanders thin cedar forest and open meadows while touring restored remnants of the battle: canons, farmhouses, an inn converted to a battle triage, and a family cemetery (among others).
-Mapped by Fletcher Caldwell

Trail Facts

  • Distance: 6.7

Waypoints

Fence Posts

Location: 38.8233184814453, -77.5299301147461

©Fletcher Caldwell

Split Rail Fence

Location: 38.8220558166504, -77.5280151367188

©Fletcher Caldwell

Path through the trees

Location: 38.8202705383301, -77.5264892578125

©Fletcher Caldwell

Stonewall Statue

Location: 38.8204650878906, -77.5264892578125

©Fletcher Caldwell

Cannon

Location: 38.8214378356934, -77.5269775390625

©Fletcher Caldwell

MAN001

Location: 38.8134613037109, -77.5209426879883

Charge E on grass path flanked by blue-green bronze cannons; In 810 ft., head straight @ 4-way into pines

MAN002

Location: 38.8132705688477, -77.5128402709961

Cross stream tributaries; turn L @ T in 600 ft., passing sun-speckled forest into windy fescue meadow

MAN003

Location: 38.8224296569824, -77.5110778808594

Cross US 29; veer R up farmland knoll where cannon fire lit haystacks during the First Manassas Battle

MAN004

Location: 38.8245506286621, -77.5118026733398

Marker: At first light on July 21, 1861, Dixie gunshots riddled a Yankee’s farmhouse (now long gone); veer L @ Y

MAN005

Location: 38.8295402526856, -77.5179977416992

Cross access road into cedar forest where two captains dueled to the death. In .3 mi., L past farmhouse remains

MAN006

Location: 38.8288116455078, -77.521598815918

On L, stone enclosure marks 1801 cemetery. Continue on trail past hundreds of unmarked slave graves on R

MAN007

Location: 38.8269462585449, -77.5279083251953

Confederates fired on their own lines @ Matthews
Hill; more battles ensued when bluecoats crept over the crest

MAN008

Location: 38.8252410888672, -77.5294570922852

Retrace the flight of the confederates S to safety @ Henry Hill

MAN009

Location: 38.8238143920898, -77.5302124023438

L @ T

MAN010

Location: 38.8190383911133, -77.5260772705078

Restored 1840s stone house: local tavern converted into refuge for the Union’s wounded. Ahead, cross US 29

MAN011

Location: 38.8162002563477, -77.5234222412109

Straight @ 3-way with Henry Hill Loop Trail

MAN012

Location: 38.8147468566894, -77.5226135253906

Henry House: Judith Henry, only civilian casualty of battle (victim of a runaway bullet). Head S past iron artillery to car