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Shawnee National Forest

Exploring hills and "hollers" in the Land of Lincoln.
Shawnee National ForestA rock formation in Garden of the Gods, Shawnee National Forest. Photo by: Curtis Abert

Shawnee National Forest defies stereotypes of the Midwest. Tucked away at the foot of Illinois, it’s a land of wooded hollows, rolling hills, rock escarpments and plentiful wildlife.

It was an April morning when we arrived at the visitor center, and most of the Midwest was still cold and dreary. Not Shawnee. Trees and wildflowers were already bursting with color. Birds seemed to be flitting everywhere. Since it was Thursday, we would be avoiding the weekend visitors, and as we looked around at the empty parking lot, it was clear we would have the trails to ourselves.

I was with Tim McEnery, a longtime “holler rat” who’s been clambering about in the Shawnee for years. Tim’s familiar with two of the forest’s greatest spots: the Garden of the Gods, an area of hidden canyons and unusual, animal-like boulders; and Jackson Hollow, with cliffs, forests and waterfalls that are just as dramatic but more secluded.

Hiking through the Garden of the Gods

Eight miles of interconnected loop trails wind through the Garden of the Gods ~ not enough for a major trip, but plenty for what we had in mind. We hadn’t gone far before Tim held up his hand, motioning me to stop. “Up there,” he pointed. “Four deer are behind those trees.” Deer might not rank with herds of white rhinos or flocks of whooping cranes as exotic sightings, but they still make me smile. Only problem was it took me some time to figure out exactly which trees Tim was talking about. The only glimpse I caught was of pennant-like white tails disappearing deeper into the woods.

The vegetation grew denser and more tangled as we hiked through and along rocky streams, beside 80-foot cliffs, and past an old settler’s homestead marked only by a rock cistern and day lilies. I started feeling a little lost, but was told that’s not possible here: All the trails lead back to the parking area.

I noticed that Tim kept staring at his feet. Looking for wildflowers, I presumed. “Also snakes,” he mentioned later, as though it were hardly worth noting. “It’s still early in the year, but on a warm day like this, copperheads and rattlesnakes sun themselves on the trail. A lot of folks down here like snakes. The Forest Service even closes a major road for about a month each spring to allow snakes to migrate without being run over.

Tim led on to a bend in the trail, then suddenly disappeared into the forest. We soon wandered into a sunlit glen, complete with a gurgling creek and 80-foot sandstone walls.

“Well, this is it,” Tim beamed. “Little hideaways like this are scattered throughout the Shawnee. The trail is only 100 yards away, but in here, it feels more like 100 miles.”

We picked a campsite, and spent the afternoon and the following day bushwhacking, bouldering, and checking out the plants and wildlife. Even when we couldn’t find birds with binoculars, we could sometimes identify them by their songs.

On our final nights in the Garden of the Gods, we snuggled in our bivouac bags, watching the sky. Shooting stars streaked far overhead, while a whippoorwill sang. Tomorrow, we would visit Jackson Hollow.

Rappelling into Jackson Hollow

An avid rock-climber, Tim conned me into rappelling into Jackson Hollow, a wide ravine hemmed in by steep cliffs. (The conventional way, of course, is to hike in.) As Tim chirped words of encouragement, I clipped in and backed off the edge. Seventy feet below lay the dark forest, secretive and remote looking. It was like diving into the ocean ~ I even hit bottom gasping for air. As soon as I unclipped, our two packs followed, then Tim. With a grin, he asked if I’d like to do it again. I hadn’t even wanted to do it the first time.

We started out hiking along a shallow, rock-bottomed creek, looking for its source. Jackson Hollow is one of the countless ravines and gorges that cross the narrow part of southern Illinois. Like the Ozarks to the south, the Shawnee was once part of a lowland plain that slowly emerged from the sea. As the land gradually rose, the streams that flowed over it cut deep valleys and narrow canyons, until only those rocks that were hard enough to resist erosion remained in the form of knobs, ridges and steep walls.

For the rest of that day and all of the next, we hiked through this little-known, two-square-mile area. There were only a handful of other people ~ climbers, mostly ~ despite the perfect weekend weather.

We laid our bags under a towering sandstone overhang, its walls stained red, brown and yellow from years of mineral-rich seepage. On the ground nearby, we found some old bits of charcoal, and farther under our protective roof, we discovered what appeared to be a crude stone tool. Indians had used this shelter some 2,000 years ago, cherishing the way the south-facing rock caught the sun and the overhang kept out all but sideways rain.

Our time in the Shawnee was almost over. Come morning, we had to head home. Tim fell asleep quickly, but I couldn’t. My mind was too full of plans to return. The forests of southern Illinois may not be as wild as when Indians roamed them, but for backcountry lovers, they’re some of the best.

Shawnee National Forest Information

Contact
Shawnee National Forest
901 S. Commercial St.
Harrisburg, IL

(618) 253-7114

Location
Shawnee National Forest is located in extreme southern Illinois, about 320 miles south of Chicago, 120 miles southeast of St.Louis and 60 miles southwest of Evansville, Indiana. Nearby towns include Harrisburg to the north, Marion and Carbondale to the east, and Rosiclare, Golconda, and Elizabethtown to the south.

Getting There 
Interstate 57 goes south from Chicago straight to the heart of the forest, about 25 miles from Shawnee headquarters at Harrisburg.

Seasonal Information
Backpacking is great year-round. Spring means abundant wildflowers and full streams, and is one of the best times to visit. Autumn offers fall colors and ripe fruits, including persimmons. In winter, because hunting is allowed, check with the forest supervisor to avoid the peak of the season.

Warm days and cool nights make spring and autumn very comfortable. Summer can be oppressive, with temperatures often in the 90s or 100s, and humidity at 80 or 90 percent for weeks. Winter days can be mild, with a chance of freezing at night; snow and colder temperatures are always a possibility.

Wildlife
More than 20,000 whitetail deer roam the area, but Shawnee hasn’t always had so many deer. In the 1920s, runaway hunting just about eliminated them. It took the establishment of the National Forest in 1933, along with restocking programs and natural migration from neighboring states, to bring the deer population back.

Other common species include turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, broad-winged hawk, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, great horned owl, pileated woodpecker, chuck-will’s-widow, beaver, possum, raccoon, red and gray fox, bobcat, gray and fox squirrel, woodchuck, muskrat, and cottontail rabbit.

Brightly colored warblers and whippoorwills dart from branch to branch.

Insects
Insects are usually not a problem during any season, although deerflies can be bothersome in the summer.

Plant Life 
In April, redbud, shadbush and the dogwoods are in full bloom. The ground is carpeted with wildflowers: trillium, bloodroot, spring beauty, sweet William, Dutchman’s-breeches, jack-in-the-pulpit and shooting star.

The mix of trees in the forest provides an eye-filling autumn spectrum of color. Maple, gum, and dogwood produce the brilliant reds of fall. Beech trees dress in yellow as the days shorten. Oaks are scarlet-brown at he height of their glory, and pines sprinkle the palette with a dependable array of greens.

In some areas, moss and ferns make everything emerald green, even the cliffs.

Facilities
Camping is legal just about everywhere within the Shawnee. To find the most interesting wild spots, leave the trail and bushwhack into the interior. Carry a map and compass, and know how to use them.

For the less hardy, there are developed recreation areas, with fireplaces, tent pads, drinking water, and sanitary facilities. There is a maximum of eight campers to a site and a maximum of 14 days continuous use.

In the Garden of the Gods area in the Elizabethtown Ranger District (618 287-2201), campgrounds include Camp Cadiz, Pharaoh, Pine Ridge, and Tower Rock. Pharaoh Campground, the closest, offers drinking water and restrooms for $5 per night and is open all year.

Parking
Vehicles may be parked in designated parking lots within recreation areas and in wildlife clearings and road shoulders as long as ingress and egress will not take place under wet conditions.

Permits
No permits are required.

Policies
Campfires are permitted in backcountry areas, but only dead or downed wood may be used.

Pets must be kept on a leash and must stay out of water sources.

ORVs are prohibited.

Hazards

  • There are copperheads and rattlesnakes, plus lots of poison ivy, which is especially troublesome from April through October.
  • Seasonal road closures are in effect from mid-December through the beginning of May; check with forest office.
  • Caution should be used because there are high cliffs in the area.

Leave No Trace
Special care must be taken with fires from February to April and in October and November, when wildfires are most common.

All LNT guidelines apply.

Maps
Contact the Forest Service Office in Harrisburg, Illinois, and ask for their map list. Topos are $4.

Other Trip Options

  • There are a number of state parks in the area, including Giant City (618 457-4836), Fern Cliff (618 995-2411), Dixon Springs (618 949-3394), and Cave-In-Rock (618 289-4545). Farther southeast is the Cache River State Natural Area.
  • The River to River Trail serves as the southern portion of the American Discovery Trail.
  • The 70-mile “Shawnee Hills on the Ohio Scenic Byway” winds and rolls its way through the state’s most scenic countryside.

Little-Known Fact: Shawnee National Forest is the largest chunk of public land in Illinois.

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