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Shoot Like a Pro: Editing Outdoor Photos

Learn how to enhance your photos using several photo software programs including Photoshop and Lightroom.
With digital photography, shooting is just the start. The technology lets you optimize images after you take them. Michael Clark, author of Adobe Photoshop Lightroom: A Professional Photographer’s Workflow, shares these tips on polishing images in any program. Photos by BACKPACKER Photo Department. Also, be sure to check out the entire "Shoot Photos Like a Pro" series of articles.
  • <b>White balance:</b> fine tune colors with this adjustment--great for fixing orange or reddish skin tones you get at dawn and dusk.
  • Use the temperature and tint sliders to adjust the image until you get a more natural look.
  • In iPhoto the temperature and the tint sliders (and other tools) appear when you click on the Adjust icon.
  • <b>Recovering highlights:</b> if one part of your image is overexposed (such as the lightest areas on the tree root, above) the recovery tool may help.
  • Use the recovery slider to bring the bright spots into balance with the rest of the shot.
  • In Lightroom, the recovery slider is in with other Basic tools in the Develop module.
  • <b>Saturation:</b> use this tool to make colors pop (or alternately, to desaturate tones for a muted look).
  • But don't go overboard--Clark sticks to a maximum of +15. Many printers can't reproduce oversaturated hues.
  • In Lightroom, the saturation sliders are farther down in the Develop module. You can adjust the saturation levels of individual colors.
  • <b>Contrast:</b> make dark tones darker and light tones lighter with this tool. This adjustment helps subjects pop on photos with lots of gray and brings out details on distant peaks--but again, don't overdo it.
  • Adjust the contrast slider, as well as the brightness slider, to get the best results.
  • In Photoshop Elements, this adjustment box will appear when you go to the Enhance menu, and then down to Adjust Lighting.
  • <b>Localized adjustments:</b> this tool lets you fine-tune exposure or saturation on a small section of a photo, rather than changing the entire image.
  • For example, in this photo, we've lightened the hiker without lightening the sky. "This can take you from zero to hero pretty fast," says Clark.
  • In Lightroom, clicking the paintbrush will open the localized adjustments tool. A dot will appear where you begin painting the lightening (or darkening) effect. Hover your mouse over that dot to see what areas you've applied a change to.
  • <b>Crop:</b> remove clutter or dead space with this tool. Ideally, you do that when you compose the shot, since you lose data when you shave off parts of the photo in processing.
  • But when you need to clean up a hasty shot, cropping works wonders.
  • In Picassa, cropping is located under Basic Fixes. You can set your ratio and then click and drag across the photo to choose what will be included in the final photo.
  • <b>Remove unwanted objects:</b> use Clone Stamp or Healing Brush to get rid of small distractions like an inconvenient fence post or an unknown hiker.
  • These tools take sections from other areas of the photo and superimpose them over the objects you wish to erase.
  • In Photoshop, when you're using the clone tool, hold alt or option and click to "pick up" the area you want to use to cover over the distraction. Adjust brush size and feathering amount and practice using this tool to make it look natural.
<b>White balance:</b> fine tune colors with this adjustment--great for fixing orange or reddish skin tones you get at dawn and dusk.
Image 1 of 21

White balance: fine tune colors with this adjustment--great for fixing orange or reddish skin tones you get at dawn and dusk.


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Update both java and Adobe flash and make sure that IE isn't blocking content - go into IE Internet Options --> Security --> and either click on 'restore all zones to default levels' or change the settings of the Internet Zone to Medium or Med-high.
— marlana80

Very helpful. I know the suggestions but don't always know how to do it. Thanks.
— NEKate

As a newspaper editor, where cloning tools are a no-no, I generally don't like them being used in nature shots, too.
— Steve Snyder has a lot of adjustment tools for pictures as well as online photo storage. It's free, too, if you don't feel like paying the hundreds of dollars for Photoshop. I used it for a while until I got CS4. Photobucket also offers some free editing tools.
— Scott

I agree with Steve. While fiddling with white balance, saturation, contrast, brightness, cropping etc. is working with what you have and what is really there, using cloning tools and painting over your picture are cheating. Your picture is no longer showing what is there, but rather your own creating.
— Luke


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