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Backpacker Magazine – October 2008

The Danger Scale

How we rate risk, using a highly scientific formula

by: Kelly Bastone


FALLING
RANK: #1
EPICENTER: Yosemite National Park, CA
Scenario: You managed to scramble up to that irresistible rock perch where you lorded over the landscape below. But every foothold seems smaller on the descent, and your fingers feel greasy on the wet rock. So you suck your body tight into the cliff, feeling safer but unknowingly increasing your risk: Tilting in rather than standing up straight creates outward force on your feet. You step tentatively onto a tilted stone slab, lower your weight, and your shoes sheer off, freeing your body to experience the full force of gravity.

DROWNING
RANK: #2
EPICENTER: Mt. Rainier NATIONAL PARK, WA
Scenario: Four days in, rain starts to fall, filling streambeds and turning trickles into roaring whitewater. The deluge shows no sign of letting up, but you must get back for work, so you brace yourself against the current and step in. Halfway across, your foot sinks into a hole. You topple forward, and your pack pushes you into the swirling maelstrom. Your larynx closes reflexively as water hits your throat. Your lungs will fill after you pass out.

HYPOTHERMIA
RANK: #3
EPICENTER: Mt. Washington, NH
Scenario: You planned to bag the peak in a day–this ultralight stuff is so cool!–so you didn't pack gloves or survival gear. When you first saw the sky darkening, the summit looked close, and you figured it wouldn't take long. But distances above treeline are deceiving–by a factor of two or more–and now the clouds are obscuring your route home. With temps and darkness falling, there's a sickening crack–not lightning, but your tibia, bent too far under the burden of a hasty misstep. Good thing you're wearing clean underwear, because searchers will find your body partially naked: Cold victims typically feel a sensation of overwhelming warmth shortly before expiring.

HEAT STRESS
RANK: #4
EPICENTER: Grand Canyon, AZ
Scenario: You packed only a liter of water because you expected to refill at a stream down the trail. But your sunny route is dry as a bone. Thirsty, you hike on, figuring the sooner you find water, the better. But the oppressive heat makes it hard to think clearly. In four hours, your skin clammy and organs cooking, unconsciousness halts your search.



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READERS COMMENTS

Star Star Star Star Star
Brad
Apr 18, 2013

Glacier Park's bears aren't legendary - those babies are for real. And I'm not talking about just the grizzlies. The weather and terrain can be a real pain in the rear also.

Lawrence the Desert Rat
Jan 15, 2010

Who cares about little mountains when there is CAYONLANDS! WHY DIVIDE BY SIX? I'M MORE WORRIED ABOUT MY NEIGHBOR'S PIT BULL THAN ANYTHING IN THE DESERT ANYWAY.

Tami
Dec 31, 2009

Interesting article. Thought it had some good points!
Might help someone who is unsure make an more informed decision.

Brenda
Oct 09, 2009

This is beyond stupid. I'm at a loss for words.

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