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Backpacker Magazine – From MyYellowstonePark.com

5 Snakes found in Yellowstone National Park

Our colleagues at MyYellowstonePark.com have rounded up the top 5 snakes you're bound to see on a visit to Yellowstone. Good news, only one of them is venomous.

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Rattlesnake

Prairie Rattlesnake - venomous

Despite the inauspicious name, the prairie rattlesnake is the one venomous snake in the park. It can range in color from greenish-gray to olive, greenish brown or light brown to yellowish with dark brown splotches bordered in white and can reach more than 48 inches in length. The snakes are most often spotted in the lower Yellowstone River areas, like Reese Creek, Stephens Creek, and Rattlesnake Butte. These regions are drier and warmer, conditions more suitable for the rattlesnake. While it canít hurt to be on the lookout for these slitherers, the National Park Service has only recorded two rattlesnake bites in Yellowstoneís history. Generally the snakes are defensive rather than aggressive, but if you hear a rattling while on a hike, immediately and slowly move in the opposite direction of the sound. In the event you are bit here are the dos and don'ts for treating a snakebite.  

Wandering Garter Snake - Not Venomous

The wandering garter snake is the most common reptile in the park and found regularly throughout the United States. These harmless snakes live in coniferous regions, typically near water, all throughout the park eating rodents, fish, frogs, tadpoles, salamanders, earthworms, slugs, snails and leeches. Generally black with three bright stripes on its back and sides, it may also have red or black spots along its sides.

Rubber Boa - Not Venomous

Named for their rubbery appearance gained by its collection of small, smooth scales, the rubber boa is rarely seen in Yellowstone, likely because of its nocturnal habits. These rodent-eating reptiles spend most of their time partially buried under fallen leaves and dirt or hunting prey in rodent holes. The rubber boa can reach up to 24 inches long and has a gray or greenish-brown back and yellow belly. Theyíve been spotted recently in the Bechler region and Gibbon Meadows.  

Bullsnake - Not Venomous

The bullsnake is a subspecies of the gopher snake, but it tends to act more like a rattler when itís startled. If it feels as if itís in danger, the snake will coil up, hiss and move its tail against the ground, producing a rattling sound. Unlike the rattlesnake however, bullsnakes are not poisonous. These snakes eat small rodents, can grow to 72 inches and tend to be yellowish with black, brown or reddish-brown circles along its back with a dark band going from the lower jaw up through the eye to the top of its head. Youíre most likely to run into a bullsnake at lower elevations in the dry, warm, open areas around Mammoth Hot Springs.  

Valley Garter Snake - Not Venomous

A subspecies of the common garter snake, the valley garter snake stretches up to 34 inches long and is typically found near permanent surface water in the Bechler regionís Falls River drainage. They have a pale yellow or bluish-gray belly and three bright longitudinal stripes running all along the body interrupting the blackish background color. Red spots in irregular patterns dot the snakeís sides. The valley garter snake tends to be active during the day and generally eats toads, chorus frogs, fish remains and earthworms.

References http://www.ultimateyellowstonepark.com/Yellowstone/visitorprecautions.html http://www.nps.gov/yell/naturescience/prairie-rattlesnake.htm

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Perry
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As my scout leader would have said back in the day... none of them are poisonous, but one is VENOMOUS!

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