>> Check slope runout. Snow isn’t avy-prone on compacted summer slopes, so when judging chute safety, your potential sliding path should be your primary concern. Avoid traversing above long, steep, or dangerous runouts when hiking without crampons, an ice axe, or rope. >> Find quality snow.
Summer snowpack is often very hard, tough to dig steps into. Look above and below the trail for softer snow. Tip: Beware areas near trees, streams, and rocks, which absorb heat and create dangerous holes. >> Kick steps.
“Look for existing flats you can enhance,” suggests American Alpine Institute guide Kurt Hicks. For perfect steps, he suggests hitting the snow with the toe edge of your shoe in a slicing motion. Angle your foot so the platform is level, and continue kicking until it is wide enough to support more than half of your foot (see illo above). Take small steps, put most of your weight on your fore- foot, and maintain upright posture, which helps keep your shoe in contact with the snow. “Even if steps exist,” says Hicks, “you’ll have better traction if you kick into them.”
See more Escape Plans in Survival: True Reader Tales